This is an assignment for F2F classes. Unless interested, online students do not do this activity,

1 Animal Treatment, Topic Reaction i: Bu_DogWalk_BlaPur300_gretxt

2 Steroids in Sports, Topic Reaction ii (GB1):
Source of figure: Simon, Eric J. Biology: The Core. Pearson. Boston. 333 pp. Used for educational purposes.
Should We Accept Steroid Use in Sports?
Why It's Time To Legalize Steroids In Professional Sports
Why Steroids Have No Place in Sports

3 Human Population, Topic Reaction ii (GB2): What direction could human evolution take?

Cyborg evolution?


Cell phones??? ..."the merger of machine and man will be the "biggest evolution in biology" after life emerged on Earth four billion years ago.... The cyborg-like humans of the future would also be different from humans that exist today as humans are from chimpanzees. Harari said that because of dissatisfaction, humans would not be able stop themselves from giving in to the temptation to upgrade either by genetic engineering or technology." Source:

"The cyborgs are here: how to merge digital and biological identities"


Neil Harbisson, I listen to color. June., 2012. TED TALKS. 12:25min. "Artist Neil Harbisson was born completely color blind, but these days a device attached to his head turns color into audible frequencies. Instead of seeing a world in grayscale, Harbisson can hear a symphony of color ‹ and yes, even listen to faces and paintings."





Topic Reflection: Global Warming


The new president of the United States, Donald J. Trump

Global Warming, Topic Reaction: It is happening? Is it natural or man-made?

"Donald J. Trump, going further than any previous presidential nominee, has said that climate change is a hoax, and has pledged to undo the Obama administration's climate initiatives, including the Paris climate agreement and the administration's Clean Power Plan, which would require power plants to clean up their emissions. Mr. Trump has also vowed to expand fossil-fuel exploration." Source: For Clinton and Trump, There's Little Debating a Climate Change Divide.

Global Warming - Natural vs. Manmade Causes Compared By NASA

7 INSANE Effects of Climate Change in Your Lifetime

"When you're working for Hillary, she wants to let people just pour in. You could have 650 million people pour in and we do nothing about it," Trump said. "Think of it. That's what could happen. You triple the size of our country in a week." ... Donald J. Trump


How many people live in South America? 385 million people.

World map


Its countries and their population ( according to are:

Country - Population

      Argentina - 40,482,000
Bolivia - 9,863,000
Brazil - 202,241,714
Chile - 16,928,873
Colombia - 46,920,000
Ecuador - 14,573,101
Falkland   Islands (United Kingdom) - 3,140
French Guiana (France) - 221,500
Guyana - 772,298
Paraguay - 6,831,306
Peru - 29,132,013
South Georgia and  South Sandwich Islands (United   Kingdom) - 20
Suriname - 472,000
Uruguay - 3,477,780
Venezuela - 31,648,930

  Total 385,742,554

Activity I. On a separate quiz fill in the blanks from the text about evolution misconceptions.

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Example of misconception: Evolution works in a direction making us better and better...

A HORSE can walk within an hour after birth. A newborn baboon baby can cling to its mother's hair while she jumps through the trees. Even among  our closest evolutionary relatives‹chimpanzees and bonobos‹babies are far more agile than their human counterparts. That's because humans are born with brains that are largely immature, leaving babies with little control over their movements. This uniquely human attribute is the result of a lengthy evolutionary battle between big brains and narrow pelvises.

One of the first traits that differentiated humans from our ancestors was upright gait. There are several hypotheses about the emergence of this trait, but it seems to have offered a way to move more efficiently in open environments such as the savanna. Although our earliest human ancestors were very apelike in terms of their brains, their upright gait had changed their pelvis to look much like our modern one. This reshaped pelvis came with a narrower birth canal, making childbirth more difficult.


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Activity II. View the slide show from the Natural History Museum in England (Great Britain).

Natural History Museum, London

Direct link to online exhibit

Activity III. View the Khan Academy video. 'Evolution Clarification'.

in·tel·li·gent de·sign

Noun: intelligent design
The theory that life, or the universe, cannot have arisen by chance and was designed and created by some intelligent entity. (Oxford Dictionary)


Kennet Miller, is a biologist and author of several biology textbooks. Dr. Miller is religious, and said the following about the the widespread denial of evolution in the U.S.

"If we raise a generation of American kids in which we have intentionally or not undermined their conception of science, I think we're gonna lose our leadership position in world science." (Kenneth Miller)